PATAN DURBAR SQUARE (UNESCO World Heritage Site): Situated 6 Km southern from centre of the Kathmandu city, also known as Lalitpur. The city is surrounded by 4 Stupas as 4 corners of Patan, one at each corner of its cardinal points. These stupas are said to have been built by the famous Emperor Ashoka
This whole square is a cluster of fine pagoda temples and stone statues. It is at the same time the business hub of the city. At every step one comes across a piece of art or an image of a deity, testifying to the consummate skill of Patan’s anonymous artists. The ancient palace of the Malla kings and the stone baths associated with various legends and episodes of history are especially interesting to visitors. The stone temple of Lord Krishna and the Royal Bath (Tushahity) with its intricate stone and bronze carvings are two other masterpieces in the same vicinity.
The Major attraction of Patan Darbar Square:
Krishna TempleThis is the most important temple in Patan Durbar Square, built in the 17th century, It is the only temple in Nepal to have 21 shrines and is completely made of stone. Most of the important scenes from the ancient Hindu epics the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, have been engraved on its friezes. The square is crowded with thousands of Hindu Pilgrims and devotees during Krishnastami festival.
Bhimsen temple was built by Srinivasa Malla in 1680. It is renowned for its three interconnected golden windows. He is a great hero in Mahabharata. He was known to be very brave and strong. Bhimsen is worshipped as a god of business and trade in Newar tradition.
Taleju bhawani Temple was built by Siddhi Narasimha Malla in 1640 and rebuilt by Srinivasa Malla in 1667 after a fire. Taleju Bhawani was the personal deity of the Malla kings. It is a five-storey temple with triple-roofs.
Mul Chok is the central courtyard. It is the most famous and largest courtyards among the three main chowks. At its center is located Vidya Temple, and Taleju temples stand around the courtyard.
This golden temple of Buddha. The oldest and most famous monument in Patan. It was built 12th century is known for its beautiful gold works shining very graciously.