KATHMANDU CITY (CAPITAL): Situated at an altitude of 1400 meter and founded in the 18th Century A.D. the valley of Kathmandu is composed of three Royal Cities, Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. The valley surrounded by tiers or green hills topped off by snow capped peaks covers an area of 218 sq. miles. Kathmandu is an incredibly diverse historic city with breathtaking Newari architecture, centuries old Hindu and Buddhist religious sites.
KATHMANDU DURBAR SQUARE (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Kathmandu Durbar Square, which is in the heart of the capital city, also known as Hanuman Dhoka. The name Hanuman Dhoka came from the statue of Hanuman at the entrance of the royal palace, established by the King Pratap Malla in 1672 A.D. Storied residence built by King Prithvi Narayan shah in 1770,is called Basantapur Durbar. Interesting things to see here are; Taleju Temple built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 A.D., Kal Bhairav, the God of destruction, Nautalle Durbar, Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, the statue of King Pratap Malla, the Big Bell, Big Drum and the Jagannath Temple. On the right-hand corner, large wooden lattice screen hides an enormous gilded face of Swet Bhairav. The screen is removed only during the Indra Jatra festival.
The word Kumari is derived from the Sanskrit Kaumarya, meaning “princess”, also known as living Goddess. Kumari is a pre-pubescent girl selected from the caste – Shakya or Bajracharya clan of the Nepalese Newari community. The Kumari is revered and worshipped by some of the country’s Hindus as well as the Nepali Buddhists. The temple or the residence of Living goddess, Kumari, is situated in the vicinity of Hanuman Dhoka Palace. The building has profusely carved wooden balconies and window screens. The Kumari, acknowledges the greetings from her balcony window. Photography is prohibited.
The temple is situated at Machchhendra Bahal between Indra Chowk and Asan. It is a pagoda of considerable artistic beauty, also called as Machchhendra deity. This temple attracts both Buddhists and Hindus – Buddhists consider Seto (White) Machhendranath to be a form of Avalokiteshvara, while to Hindus he is a rain-bringing incarnation of Shiva.